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Friday, March 6, 2015

Major Depression Treatment Is Needed

Major depression treatment is needed to prevent and stop the severity of major depression and severity of symptoms that tend to worsen over time. If left untreated, it is possible that depression leads to suicide.

What is major depression? 
Major depression is a melancholy condition or state of sadness that persists over time. Unlike a stroke of passenger depression, major depression can have serious consequences on the thoughts of a depressive person, his behavior, his mood and health. For still unknown reason, depression is twice as common in women than men. More than half of people who have suffered from major depression experience a relapse into depression with an intensity that varies from case to case.

Major depression, also known as severe depression, clinical depression or unipolar depression, is a form among others of depressive disorder. Other depressive disorders are dysthymia (chronic depression as less severe than major depression) and bipolar depression (depressive phase following the manic phase of bipolar disorder in).

Symptoms of major depression
The diagnosis of the first episode of major depression is not necessarily obvious when depression sets in gradually. The symptoms of major depression are usually a significant change in personality compared to the state of a person before the depression. Symptoms of major depression are:
  •     A persistent sad mood
  •     Irritable mood
  •     Sleep disorders (insomnia or hypersomnia)
  •     Of eating disorders
  •     Difficulty concentrating or memory problems
  •     Loss of interest and pleasure in activities that were popular before the Depression
  •     Guilt or shame about his condition
  •     Feeling hopeless
  •     Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts
  •     Persistent physical symptoms that can not be treated as headaches, nausea and chronic pain
When several of these symptoms of major depression occur at the same time and over a period of at least 15 days, treatment and care are needed.

The causes of major depression.
There is no one single cause of major depression. Psychological, biological and environmental factors can all be causes of depression. Norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine are the three neurotransmitters (chemicals that transmit electrical signals in the brain) involved in depression. Most doctors believe that a chemical imbalance in these neurotransmitters can cause major depression. Thus, antidepressants work by restoring the balance and changing the sensitivity of the receptors that capture these chemicals.

Scientists also believe that there is a genetic predisposition to major depression. So there is a greater risk of developing depression if a history of the disease exists in the family. Significant life events like the death of a loved one, a big change, chronic stress, abuse of alcohol or drugs can also trigger episodes of depression. Some diseases such as heart disease, cancer and certain drugs may cause depression.

How to treat major depression.
Although major depression can be devastating, it is important to know that it can be cured completely. Between 80% and 90% of people diagnosed with major depression found a perfectly normal life. There are many treatments that are chosen based on the severity and symptoms of depression. The three main types of treatment for major depression are: drugs (antidepressants), psychotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy (also called "életrochocs"). The treatment strategy used is usually a combination of antidepressants and psychotherapy. The family support system is also important to treat depression, while maintaining a healthy lifestyle (diet and sport).
It usually takes two to four weeks for antidepressants begin to make their effects, and sixe to 12 weeks for them to be fully effective. Research has shown that imbalances in neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine could be treated by antidepressants (for more information see our article on types of antidepressants: SSRIs, MAOIs and atypical antidepressants)

Cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy are the two main psychotherapies that treat major depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy can transform the ruminations of depression and negative thoughts into positive ones. Interpersonal therapy helps improve your relationships with others and correct relationship problems that can cause depression.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
ECT is a very effective treatment for the most severe cases of major depression. In cases where antidepressants and psychotherapy do not work to treat depression, treatment with electroconvulsive therapy can be considered as an alternative. ECT is also a solution to consider when for one reason or another the depressed person cannot take medicine (eg due to side effects of antidepressants).

The side effects of antidepressants
About 50% of people who take antidepressants suffer from side effects, especially during the first week of treatment. Side effects that are too annoying can be reduced by changing the dose of medication, changing antidepressant, or taking additional medications to treat them. In all cases, you should never change yourself the dose of your antidepressants, talk to your doctor first. 

Side effects of SSRI antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants, such as Prozac, Paxil or Zoloft. The side effects are nausea, insomnia, diarrhea, restlessness and impulsivity.

Side effects of antidepressants trycycliques: dry mouth, constipation, bladder problems, blurred vision, dizziness, weight gain or weight loss.

Side effects of MAOI antidepressants: the oldest class of antidepressants, and they carry risks of hypertension that requires a very strict diet. Added to this is the risk of constipation, headache, and insomnia (among others)

You can read here about major depressive disorder treatment, or here about major depressive disorder symptoms

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